If you mix them, you'll have to cite every sentence or two to avoid the confusion you don't have to cite at the end of each sentence, you can cite at the end of each idea if you're making a logical conclusion and just add a cite with the concluding sentence, you're giving proper credit. In fact, a good research paper (unless it is an essay on a work of literature) usually relies more heavily on summary and paraphrase than it does on quotation if you use too many quotations, your paper will be a patchwork of the ideas of others, in their words. If you are directly quoting from a work, you will need to include the author, year of publication, and the page number for the reference (preceded by p) introduce the quotation with a signal phrase that includes the author's last name followed by the date of publication in parentheses. Call to request the interview if your subject is not someone you know personally, state your name and publication or school explain the topic and the purpose of your article or paper. Second, by finding and reading the original source, you will become better informed about your research topic to a reader familiar with the research in your topic area, the citations in your paper are one indication of whether you have a firm understanding of the subject and of the relevant research.
In a four or five page research paper, you do not want to include an entire paragraph of quoted material from that paragraph you would need to choose a sentence or couple of sentences that best say what you want to say in the least amount of space. Tips on paraphrasing paraphrasing can be tricky you need to make sure that you don't copy the original author's style or wording even if you have a citation, such borrowing would be considered plagiarism. Once you have decided which information you will paraphrase, which you will summarize, and which you will quote from, you need to ensure that the material is cited correctly into your paper if you paraphrase or summarize, you still need to tell readers where the information comes from.
Paraphrase in paper (apa) if a woman interprets the media's representation of thinness as the ideal she must achieve, her sense of self-esteem might be threatened and even damaged, making her more likely to exhibit disordered eating patterns (polivy & herman, 2004, p 2. If you find, as you work at paraphrasing, quoting, and citing, that you are only pasting sources together with a few of your own words and ideas thrown in-that too much of your paper comes from your sources and not enough from your own mind-then go back and start over. Jot down a few words below your paraphrase to remind you later how you envision using this material in your essay 4at the top of the note card, write a key word or phrase to indicate the subject of your paraphrase. This guide was created as a joint project of the academic resource center and the william h hannon library.
When you paraphrase, the words and structures you use should sound like something you would normally say or write therefore, paraphrasing is presenting the ideas and information of others in your own voice. In-text citation (paraphrase) - entry that appears in the body of your paper when you express the ideas of a researcher or author using your own words for more tips on paraphrasing check out the owl at purdue. Best answer: no, do not put quote marks around a paraphrase you must mention your source (by last name of the author of by the title of the work) and you must list the name of the work (book, article, etc) on your works cited page. Using a combination of in-text citations and a separate works-cited page at the end of your paper allows you to paraphrase specific paragraphs from websites where no page number is given copy urls of your online sources as you do research and especially when you write your paper. You will need to create a bibliography or reference list of all of the sources that you use, but you will also need to indicate within the text where your information came from referencing is an essential part of writing any research paper , so err on the side of caution.
You may find one particularly useful study, but try to balance your references to that study with research from other authors otherwise, your paper becomes a book report on that one source and lacks richness of theoretical perspective. Even if you do not quote a source directly and only paraphrase a source, you must still give direct credit to that source with an in-text citation when adhering to mla guidelines the seventh edition of the mla handbook for writers of research papers sets out basic rules to avoid plagiarism and correctly cite paraphrased sources within the. In a research paper, you have to come up with your own original ideas while at the same time making reference to work that's already been done by others.
If you cannot write a paraphrasing of your source that you are satisfied with, quote directly from your source instead citing paraphrased material in apa style whenever you paraphrase material in apa format, you must place an in-text citation in your paper, noting the source you paraphrased. If you are summarizing or paraphrasing someone's ideas, you can cite the source in the text of the paper by mentioning the name of the original author (or authors) and, if it fits with the flow of the sentence, the title of the publication. When you paraphrase or quote information from another source in a research paper, essay, or other written work, cite the original source of the information otherwise, your readers believe you are trying to pass this information off as your original thought.